Crassus - een vermaarde familie in het Oude Rome behoorende tot de gens Licinia. Nothing is known of this Licinia after Marius the Younger's death in 82 BC. However, many years later in the time of Julius Caesar's dictatorship, a certain Pseudo-Marius appeared in Rome claiming to be their son. [41] Crassus represented Curius in the case, while Scaevola Pontifex represented the Coponii family. 30 . Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 12 nov 2020 om 17:02. Includes bibliographical references and index. Het is een hoofdwerk van hem waarin hij in drie dialogen onder andere bespreekt wat het redenaarsberoep inhoudt, hoe een redevoering wordt opgebouwd en gestileerd, en welke de morele en filosofische plichten van de spreker zijn. Indeed, Cicero believes that the only two orators to come close to Crassus' skill were Crassus' contemporary Marcus Antonius Orator (grandfather of the famous Mark Antony) and Cicero himself. I. Coponius had left an as-yet-unborn son as his chief heir, with Curius as the substitute heir until the son came of age. [33] He was elected consul for 95 BC alongside his long-term ally Quintus Mucius Scaevola Pontifex. De oratore Cic.de orat.1,30-34 Crassus' Hymnus auf die Beredsamkeit Crassus' Hymnus auf die Beredsamkeit . He possessed great dignity, and combined with dignity a pleasantry and wit, not smart nor vulgar, but suited to the orator; his Latinity was careful and well chosen, but without affected preciseness; in presentation and argument his lucidity was admirable; in handling questions, whether of the civil law or of natural equity and justice, he was fertile in argument and fertile in analogies ... No one could surpass the resourcefulness of Crassus.[59]. Rawson, 'Religion and Politics in the Late Second Century BC at Rome'. over de retoriek. De Oratore, II. De Oratore är en avhandling i retorik uppdelad i tre böcker skrivna av Marcus Tullius Cicero år 55 f.Kr. This law was proposed by the consul Quintus Servilius Caepio, and aimed to end the equestrian monopoly on juries. Alongside the princeps senatus Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, Crassus was the main conservative champion of the radical tribune Marcus Livius Drusus, whose legislative package of reforms was planned as a means of reconciling the interests of the Senate, the equestrians, and the urban poor. He therefore attacked the equestrian courts in a famous speech, considered by Cicero (who also preserves the following quotation from the speech) to be Crassus' finest moment: Save us from wretchedness, save us from the fangs of men whose cruelty can only be satisfied by our blood; do not let us be slaves to others, unless to you alone, the whole People, to whom we may and should be servants. Crassus' plea for legal knowledge in Cicero's De Oratore I 179 (2010) Pagina-navigatie: Main; Save publication. T1 - Crassus' plea for legal knowledge in Cicero's De Oratore I 179. However, Coponius soon died and no son was born. Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. Im einleitenden ersten Teil wird die Rhetorik als der Gipfel der kulturellen Leistungen des Menschen (Kapitel 30–34) entwickelt: Rhetorik ist Universalkompetenz, welche eine universelle Bildung mit deren Darstellung und Vermittlung verbindet. However, the people's hatred against Caepio was too strong; Crassus lost the case, and Caepio was exiled. Die Schrift ist als ein Dialog zwischen Lucius Licinius Crassus und Marcus Antonius Orator, Ciceros Lehrern und Vorbildern, gestaltet, der im Jahr … [1] It is not known exactly which Licinius Crassus his father was, as there are a number of similarly-named Licinii Crassi active in the mid-second century BC. Crassus is also famous as one of the main characters in Cicero's work De Oratore, a dramatic dialogue on the art of oratory set just before Crassus' death in 91 BC. However Crassus successfully convinced the Centumviral Court that Curius was the rightful heir, thereby securing Marcus Coponius' considerable inheritance for Curius alone. was een belangrijk Romeins politicus dankzij zijn rijkdom. [49][50] Instead of the usual Greek, these schools taught their students rhetoric in Latin. [84] [65] Crassus and his wife had three surviving children: Crassus' third daughter, Licinia (Tertia), married Gaius Marius the Younger, son of the famous general and statesman Gaius Marius. Crassus over dialectiek in De Oratore “Het zou me niets verbazen, als je er in je hart heel anders over denkt en hier alleen een staaltje weggeeft van je bijzondere bedrevenheid in tegenargumentatie, waarin je inderdaad onovertroffen bent. Après la victoire de Sylla et son ascension en tant que dictateur, il amasse une énorme fortune grâce à la spéculation immobilière. Crassus had probably served as praetor by 98 BC. It was likely in 94 BC that Crassus won the so-called "Causa Curiana" – an infamous inheritance dispute between Manius Curius and the family of one Marcus Coponius. I love it. [62], Cicero also notes that Crassus liked to break up his sentences into many short, sharp clauses, the effect being to create a simple style of speaking ('a natural complexion, free of make up'). Cicero, De Oratore - Book 1 , 96-184 . Avhandlingen är dedikerad till Ciceros bror Quintus, och är huvudsakligen utformad som en dialog mellan de två talarna Lucius Licinus Crassus och Marcus Antonius. Het is een hoofdwerk van hem waarin hij in drie dialogen onder andere bespreekt wat het redenaarsberoep inhoudt, hoe een redevoering wordt opgebouwd en gestileerd, en welke de morele en filosofische plichten van de spreker zijn. men, and our paternal uncle, who went out to Cilicia with Antonius, and was with him when he left his province for home, all severally and often related to us a great deal about Crassus, his application to study, and his intellectual attainments. [68], Crassus also had a beloved pet eel, much to the bemusement of later Roman commentators. [35] In fact, it was so controversial that later Roman commentators sometimes saw it as a main cause of the Social War (91–88 BC) that began several years later. In the words of Cicero, 'this was literally Crassus' "swan song" ... for he fell sick and died a week later'. be a Problemlöser. [42] Cicero considered Crassus' defence the perfect example of how to win a case through terminological niceties. [3] Lucius was, therefore, the child of one of this Gaius Crassus' sons. It seems Crassus related this anecdote to the young Cicero, who recorded it many years later in the De Oratore. Crassus believes that being an orator and having the skill of oral rhetoric is the most valued and important in the nation. Uit de manier waarop de personages in 'De Oratore' hun argumenten naar voren brengen, en de nadruk die ze krijgen, valt gemakkelijk op te maken, dat Crassus de spreekbuis is van Cicero zelf. [34] It was during this consulship that Crassus defended the younger Caepio from an unspecified charge (see above). On his return journey, he studied rhetoric at Athens, but departed after a dispute with the locals. - 8 of 9 juni 53 v.Chr.) De oratore ist ein grundlegendes Werk Ciceros zur Rhetorik, in dem die Voraussetzungen für den Rednerberuf, das Wesen der Rhetorik, der Aufbau der Rede, Fragen des Stils und der moralischen und philosophischen Pflichten des Redners erörtert werden. 60,701 Views . [4] He also studied law under two eminent statesmen, both of whom were from branches of the Mucii Scaevolae gens: Publius Mucius Scaevola (the father of Crassus' colleague as consul, Quintus Mucius Scaevola 'Pontifex'); and Quintus Mucius Scaevola Augur. De oratore Item Preview remove-circle ... Amazing Oratore. To Crassus this is misguided and ill-informed. Third Volume the discourse of Crassus that followed the remarks made by Antonius, I confess, brother Quintus, that the recollection was painful to me, renewing as it did an old sorrow and distress. over de retoriek. Translated by J.S.Watson (1860), with some minor alterations. Despite defeating a number of Gallic raiders, he failed to gain a triumph due to the veto of his consular colleague, Scaevola Pontifex.[37]. Cicero's admiration for Crassus and Antonius is also evident in the De Oratore, his treatise on the art of oratory. Cicero calls Crassus the 'ablest jurist in the ranks of orators', capable even of besting his (and Cicero's) former mentor, the great jurist Quintus Mucius Scaevola Augur. When Crassus held a funeral for the pet, the same Domitius Ahenobarbus snidely commented on the affair. "[69][70][71], Entry for 'Coelius Antipater, Lucius,' in. Hymettus in Greece. Lucius Licinius Crassus (140 BC – September 91 BC), sometimes referred to simply as Crassus Orator, was a Roman consul and statesman. [5], When aged only 21, Crassus shot to fame in 119 BC for his prosecution of the proconsul Gaius Papirius Carbo,[6] who committed suicide rather than face the inevitable guilty verdict. It is set in 91 BCE, when Lucius Licinius Crassus dies, just before the Social War and the civil war between Marius and Sulla, during which Marcus Antonius Orator, the other great orator of this dialogue, dies. https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=De_oratore&oldid=57519659, Wikipedia:Pagina's die ISBN magische links gebruiken, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. als censor een edict uit tegen de Romeinsche rhetorenscholen: dit in antwoord op het streven om het Grieksch uit het rhetorica-onderwijs te verwijderen. B/W PDF download. In particular, he was notably the first Roman to use columns made of imported marble, in this case from Mt. [39] The veto is particularly inexplicable given the former friendship between the two men: they had, after all, shared office at every stage of the cursus honorum, as Cicero points out,[40] and there had been no signs of hostility during their consulship. For example, in Cicero's history of oratory (a work known as the Brutus after its dedicatee Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger), Crassus is portrayed as the greatest Roman orator to have yet lived. Crassus is also famous as one of the main characters in Cicero's work De Oratore, a dramatic dialogue on the art of oratory set just before Crassus' death in 91 BC. Lucius Licinius Crassus (140 [1]-91 av. He is known to have supported the efforts of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus to create a citizen colony at Narbo Martius in 117 BC. Cicero weighs up the relative skills of Antonius and Crassus with the following words: For my part, though I assign to Antonius all the virtues that have pointed out above, I still hold that nothing could have been more perfect than Crassus. Eventually, these public quarrels forced them to abdicate the position early, amid much scandal and controversy. Lucius was taught at a young age by the Roman historian and jurist Lucius Coelius Antipater. In terms of Crassus' oratorical style, he apparently kept the ideal line between extremes; neither too active nor too still, neither too impassioned nor too calm, witty and yet always dignified: No violent movements of the body, no sudden variation of voice, no walking up and down, no frequent stamping of the foot; his language vehement, sometimes angry and filled with righteous indignation; much wit but always dignified, and, what is most difficult, he was at once ornate and brief. De oratore (Nederlands: Over de redenaar) is een boek van Marcus Tullius Cicero uit 55 v.Chr. [29][30] In the last year of his life, Crassus once again attacked the equestrian juries when he championed the legislation of Marcus Livius Drusus the Younger in 91 BC (see below). E. 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