The oldest surviving son of the Duke of Lorraine, Francis left the duchy for the deposed Polish king Stanisław Leszczyński in exchange for the Grand Duchy of Tuscany as one of the terms ending the War of the Polish Succession in 1738. Etruria lasted less than a decade. If Leopold's line were to become extinct, it would revert to the main line. Despite his attempts at acquiescence, street fighting in opposition to the regime sprang up in August, in Livorno. Overview Policies People Government Economy Rank Trend Cards Civil Rights, Economy, & Political Freedom. Alessandro’s death did not terminate the Medici family’s power in Florence.A younger branch of the family, descendants of the Lorenzo who had been the brother of Cosimo the Elder, now came forward.Cosimo de’ Medici (1519–74), great-great-grandson of Lorenzo, became duke of Florence, then grand duke of Tuscany (1569), and reigned as Cosimo I. The Habsburg-Lorraine family ruled the Grand Duchy of Tuscany for little over a century, from 1737 (when the last remaining member of the Medici family, Gian Gastone, died) to 1859, when Tuscany was annexed to the Savoy monarchy with the ousting of Leopoldo II.. See also the preceding Category:17th century in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the succeeding Category:19th century in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. La Leopolda Official anthem of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.  The proposal sank, and ultimately died with Cosimo in 1723. He was unpopular among his subjects, though his many reforms brought the Grand Duchy to a level of stability that had not been seen in quite a while. His affinity for Austria was equally unpalatable. The said revolution toppled the throne of France, and caused disarray across Europe. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ?  On July 9 1737, Gian Gastone died; the last male Medici of the Grand Ducal line. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000);
He continued his father's Austrian/Imperial alliance, cementing it by marrying Johanna of Austria. The Tuscans despised the new occupying "Lorrainers", as they interfered with the Tuscan government, while the occupying Spaniards had not done so. Cosimo III was succeeded by his son, Gian Gastone, who, for most of his life, kept to his bed and acted in an unregal manner, rarely appearing to his subjects, to the extent that, at times, he had been thought dead. After the fall of that empire it successively belonged to the Goths and Lombards, by the last of which it was erected into a duchy. During the minority of her son, Grand Duke Ferdinando, she and her mother-in-law acted as regents from 1621 to 1628. It was conquered by Napoleonic France in the late 18th century and became part of the Italian Republic in the 19th century. Leopold himself died in 1792.
In the mid-19th Century the territory contained 8,381 square miles, or 5,365,120 acres, which were thus occupied :-in the cultivation of the vine, 570,000 ; vine and olive, 390,000; arable, 840,000 ; woods, 1,400,000 ; chestnuts, 305,000 ; natural and artificial meadows, 70,000; pastures, 1,600,000; various smaller products, 70,000; building, 26,000-the small remainder being unemployed and not subject to taxation. The Grand Duchy of Tuscany (Italian: Granducato di Toscana, Latin: Magnus Ducatus Etruriae) was a monarchy in Tuscany, an area in the north-west of the Italian Peninsula.It existed, with interruptions, from 1569 to 1859.  In April 1532, the Pope convinced the Balía, Florence's ruling commission, to draw up a new constitution. , Cosimo III's reign was characterised by drastic changes and a sharp decline of the Grand Duchy. The Spanish reaction was to construct a citadel on their portion of the island of Elba. . Grand Duchy of Tuscany. script.setAttribute("async", true);
File:Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1840).svg. . Tuscany was divided into two main administrative districts: the stato nuovo (the new state) consisting of the former Republic of Siena, and the stato vecchio (the old state), the old Republic of Florence and her dependencies. In thei… This led to a regency of Ferdinand's grandmother, Dowager Grand Duchess Christina, and his mother, Maria Maddalena of Austria. Tuscany was neutral during the War of the Spanish Succession, partly due to Tuscany's ramshackle military; a 1718 military review revealed that the army numbered less than 3,000 men, many of whom were infirm and elderly. The Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Category page. Tuscany wis nominally a state o the Haly Roman Empire till the Treaty o Campo Formio in 1797.. References The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century. 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